Total knee replacement surgery is one of the major surgeries, and there is no doubt in the fact patients has a lot of question in their mind before approaching the doctor. When you get in touch with your doctor for total knee replacement surgery in Jaipur, you will find out that they are discussing the procedure in detail with you. The major reason for disclosing the procedure is to make the individual comfortable with the procedure. So, here we are discussing all the steps doctors take during total knee replacement surgery so that you can understand it in detail.
Procedures to perform a total knee replacement:-
Step 1:- Pre-medicine:
The primary step doctors consider is pre-medicines. Some patients require these medicines to overcome the certain habits. If you are an alcoholic, doctors suggest you drop it prior to one week to the surgery. Along with that, if you are uncertain, Medicine Doctors will suggest you put a pause on them for a particular duration.
Step 2:- Doctors give you anesthesia primarily:
On the day of surgery, the doctors will give you anesthesia. Anesthesia is required to make you feel relaxed and also to keep you in your senses during the surgery. Sometimes a scenario is being so that patients lose their control and problems arise. Hence doctors will put you on anesthesia so that you can observe whatever is happening in the surroundings.
Step 3:- Make the knee incision:
After giving anesthesia, doctors will make a cut or incision in front of the knee. The front of the knee is considered to have access to the patella or knee cap. The length of the cut will be up to 4 to 6 inches, and the rest depends.
Step 4:- Rotating the knee cap:
After making the cut, the kneecap is right in front of the surgeon, and he will rotate it in the manner that the patella will be outside. By rotating the kneecap, doctors can view the area of the knee for performing the surgical procedure.
Step 4:- Preparing the femur:
After observing the patella, doctors will diagnose the femur, which is known as the thigh bone. The major reason for diagnosing it is because it helps them to know which part of the required replacement. After the knee is opened up, they can easily analyze the knee with the help of a special instrument and by making a small cut. They can also check out the damaged bone and cartilage available at the end of the femur. From the end of the femur, they fix the first part of the artificial joint, which is in consideration as the femoral component.
Step 5:- Implanting the femoral component:
Finally, the surgeon, attach the femoral metal component at the end of the femur and with the help of bone cement seal it to the place.
Step 6:- Preparing Tibia
When the knee replacement surgeon in Jaipur is done with the femoral component, they resurface the Tibia or Shinbone. They remove the damaged bone and cartilage from the top and then give it a proper shape so that it fits into the metal and plastic tibial components.
Step 7:- Implanting Tibia component:
Now doctors fit the tibial tray to the Tibia and with the help of bone cement to secure it. Doctors use polyethylene and insert it between the tibial tray and femoral component. This will act as a buffer. It provides support to the body and flexibility to the knee.
Step 8:- Readjusting the patella:
When the surgeon completes with the Tibial and femoral components, they flatten the patella and put the additional plastic component in it. They will ensure that it properly fits into the implant. In case there is a requirement for cementing, doctors will use the bone cement.
Step 9:- Finalising the procedure:
Lastly, they start analyzing and check all the things whether the implant is working properly or not. They analyze the size and other factors related to it.
This is all about the procedures to perform a total knee replacement. We suggest you approach Dr. Lalit Modi because he is among those doctors, who is not only having experience in treating such conditions but also know how to perform it gently. So that the patients can feel relaxed throughout. He will clear everything in advance so that there will be no problem at all. Just have a conversation with the doctor and let him know about your condition so that analyzing the situation will be easy for him.