what are the common causes of knee damage

Common causes of Knee damage

Causes of Knee damage: The knee joint is among the most important joints in our body, and if it is not working properly, our entire quality of life will be affected. But we cannot forget that with growing age, there are conditions that contribute to knee problems. Well, if you are someone who is growing it, you can understand this statement well.

When such conditions are happening, it is important to reach out to the doctor for treatment. Sometimes it happens that the condition you are going through causes knee damage and you are not sure of it. When we explore the causes of knee damage, the list becomes so long that only the doctor can help you understand the exact cause behind it.

Well, if you are looking forward to reaching out to the doctor, visit Jaipur and fix an appointment with Dr. Lalit Modi.He is the best doctor you can approach for treatment. But before you approach him, make yourself aware of the causes of knee damage in detail so that for a while you can put yourself on the safer side and discuss your treatment with him easily. Let’s get started!

Causes of knee damage:-

In this section, we are discussing all the common causes that lead a person to face such problems, and these are as follows:

1. Fractures:

Fractures are a common cause of knee damage. Knee injuries are often caused by falls and car accidents. It can also be caused by a direct impact to the knee, for example from a football tackle or a collision with another player.

This can lead to other health issues, such as osteoarthritis, a condition in which the cartilage between the bones wears down and causes pain. The pain can be debilitating and make it difficult to walk or perform daily tasks.

Furthermore, they occur more often in people with osteoporosis, but they can also happen if someone falls or bumps into something and their body is not strong enough to protect them.

2. Dislocation:

A bone being dislocated means it is out of its normal position. It can happen to any bone in the body, but it most often happens to the kneecap.

A dislocated kneecap can be caused by a sudden twisting motion of the knee, like when you turn sharply on ice or snow. It may also occur after a direct hit to the knee or from bending your knee too quickly and forcefully, leading to knee damage.

The symptoms of a dislocated kneecap include pain, swelling, and difficulty with movement. You may notice that your kneecap has moved out of place or that it’s higher than usual on one side. If you suspect that your kneecap has been dislocated, see a doctor right away.

3. Meniscal tears:

Meniscal tears are a common cause of knee damage. They are caused by a sudden twisting motion or contact with an object, which can lead to tearing of the meniscus. A meniscal tear is typically diagnosed by an MRI and requires surgery to repair.

The most common symptom of a torn meniscus is a pain in the knee when walking stairs or squatting down, but other symptoms may include swelling too.

4. Tendonitis:

Tendonitis is a condition in which the tendons become inflamed. The inflammation takes place by overuse, which can result in pain and swelling. This can happen when the tendon becomes overloaded with work, such as when an athlete pushes their body too hard or plays too many games without adequate rest. It can also happen from playing a sport that requires repetitive motions, such as tennis or golf, or it might be triggered by an injury that ruptures the tendon or tears its fibres apart. This leads to knee damage too.

5. Anterior cruciate ligament injuries:

Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are a common cause of knee damage. The anterior cruciate ligament is a band of tissue that crosses the knee joint from the front to the back. It helps to hold the bones in place and keeps them from slipping out of position. The ACL helps to control how much your lower leg moves forward and backward, as well as how much it rotates in relation to your thigh.

The ACL injury happens by sudden twisting movements, rapid changes in direction, or contact with another player during sports activities such as football, soccer, basketball, or hockey.

6. Bursitis:

Bursitis is a swelling of the bursa, which is a fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between the bones and the skin. It can take place by an injury or overuse of a joint.

The knee is one of the most commonly affected joints, and it’s often caused by overuse or an injury to the outside part of the knee. The pain in your knee may be worse when you press on it or bend your knee. This leads to knee damage and sometimes requires replacement as well.

7. Tendon tears:

Tendon tears are also a common cause of knee damage. They can be caused by any number of factors, including overuse and injury. It can be a result of a sudden stop or change in direction while running, jumping, or even walking up hills. It may also occur from a sudden twist to the foot, such as when someone falls and twists their ankle to protect themselves from landing on their knees. Tendon tears can also occur in the hamstring muscles above the knee joint, and as a result, knee damage can take place.

8. Iliotibial band syndrome:

Iliotibial band syndrome is a condition that causes pain and inflammation around the knee. The major causes include repetitive motions such as cycling or running. The iliotibial band is a thick tissue that runs from the hip to the knee. It helps to stabilize and support the knee joint.

In this condition, it becomes irritated or inflamed, which causes pain on either side of the knee joint. Sometimes it happens that this leads to knee damage as well, and reversing it seems to be difficult without surgery.

9. Collateral ligament injuries:

Collateral ligament injuries are the most common cause of knee damage. This can be due to a number of reasons, such as an injury from a previous sport or an accident. The ACL is one of the main ligaments that connect the thigh bone to the shin bone, and it is often experiencing injury due to inwards twisting of the knee.

10. Posterior cruciate ligament injuries:

The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is one of the main ligaments in the knee. It connects the back of the femur to the back of the tibia. It helps to prevent excessive forward movement and rotation in the knee joint.

Injuries to this ligament can occur due to a direct blow or twisting motion, which may result in damage or tears. Risk factors for PCL injury include previous PCL injury, age, gender, and certain occupations such as soccer players.

We hope now you are aware of the causes of knee damage and ready to reach the doctor as well. Don’t worry and look out for a knee replacement surgeon in Jaipur as we have already discussed one. For sure, after getting treatment in Jaipur, you will be able to deal with the condition easily.

(FAQ: Causes of Knee Damage)

Q.1 – Is it possible to reverse knee damage?

Answer – There are certain conditions where the knee damage can be reversed. But it is not a permanent solution. It is critical that a person receives the best medical treatment possible in order to treat the condition.

Q.2 – What are some prevention tips or exercises as a part of treating a knee injury that causes disability?

Answer –  Treatment for a knee injury that causes disability needs attention and treatment too. The treatment may include prevention tips, exercises, and surgery.

Prevention tips

  • Do not kneel on one leg for more than 10 minutes.
  • Do not use stairs or ladders.
  • Also, do not cross your legs while sitting.


  • Strengthening exercises such as squats and lunges
  • Stretching exercises such as calf stretches and hamstring stretches

Q.3 – How do I know if my knee is damaged?

Answer – There are many ways to assess the health of a person’s knees.

  • One way is to look at the kneecap (patella) and see if it moves when the person bends their knee.
  • Another way is to put pressure on the front of the kneecap with one hand and push down on the back of it with the other hand.  This will cause severe pain if there are any problems with the meniscus or cartilage in that area.
  • A third way is to touch both sides of the joint (patella). This helps feels for pain or stiffness on one side more than on the other.

Q.4 – Why do doctors look for torn or cartilage damage in the knee joint?

Answer – Doctors look for torn or cartilage damage in the knee joint when they find a patient has an injury in the knee. This helps them to know whether their knee is doing fine or not.


Dr.Lalit Modi

MBBS, MS, DNB, MNAMS, Gold Medalist,
Knee, Hip & Shoulder Specialist 10 Year Experience
Full Bio